Select Friedman Miscellany



Here are some Friedman stories and accounts over the years:

Friedman Name Origins


The German surname of Friedman was derived from a combination of a patronymic and a local source.  The element Fried was derived from an old Germanic personal name which tended to be handed down from generation to generation.  This name was a pet form of the popular medieval name Fridila, composed of the elements vriedel ("loved one") or vridelin ("peace-maker").  It was also the locational name for someone who lived near or in a wood.

The name was born by a canonized 9th century bishop of Utrecht and was a hereditary name of the medieval Hohenstaufen ruling family in SW Germany.


Friedmans to America by Place of Origin

From:
Numbers
Percent



Germany
  242
  36
Russia
  131
  20
Hungary
  112
  17
Poland
  105
  16
Elsewhere
   80
  11


Friedman Emigrants: 1840-1870

These were some of the Friedmans that emigrated from Europe from the 1840's to the 1870's:

Name
From:
Date
To:




Franklin Fridman 
Germany (Wurttenburg)
1840's
Kentucky       
Joseph Friedman
Germany (Baden)
1840's
Missouri
Max Friedman
Germany (Muhlhausen)
1850
NYC
Aaron Friedman
Poland (Stavisk)
1850's
NYC
Chaim Fridman
Lithuania
1856
Australia
David Friedman
Latvia (Libau)
1860's
England
Joseph Friedman
Latvia (Kurland)
1860's
NYC
Herman Friedman
Lithuania
1865
Texas
Johan Friedman
Germany (Pfalz)
1871
NYC


Friedman Emigrants: 1880-1910


These were some later migrants:

Name
From:
Date
To:




Abraham Friedman 
Hungary
1882
USA
Jacob Friedman
Hungary (Kirchdraft)
1880's 
USA
Jacob Friedman
Hungary (Chelmno)
1900
South America   
Louis Friedman
Hungary
1900's
Pittsburgh
Jacob Friedman
Hungary (Debrecen)
1900's
Ohio
Jeno Friedman
Hungary (Beregszasz)
1900's
NYC
Solomon Friedman
Romania (Jassy)
1904
NYC
Charles Friedman
Moldova (then Bessarabia)
1904
Illinois
Adolph Friedman
Hungary (Debrecen)
1906
NYC
Nathan Friedman
Ukraine (Zhythomyr)
1911
Canada


Friedmans from Lithuania to Jerusalem

Boris Friedman of Johannesburg gave the following account of the Friedmans who came to Jerusalem:

"An orphan boy named Hersch Zaidel was brought to Jerusalem in Palestine in the middle of the 19th century by a childless uncle Reb Hersch Friedman from Ponavesz in Lithuania.   Hersch Zaidel adopted the name of his uncle, hence Hersch Friedman.

At the same time some good people brought to Jerusalem a little orphan girl of nine, Eigeleh (Eiga) from Pasvalys in Lithuania, who had lost her mother at a very young age.  Hersch married Eiga in Jerusalem when Hersh was twenty one and Eiga was twelve.  Eiga gave birth to her first child at the age of sixteen.  They had ten children, of whom seven survived." 

Later branches of this family migrated to South Africa and Australia.


Friedmans in Natchitotes, Louisiana

A Jewish cemetery was established in Natchitotes, Louisiana in 1847.  The following Friedmans were buried there.

Name
  Birth
  Death



Friedman, Samuel
  1848
  1888
Friedman, Harry
  1881
  1895
Friedman, Caroline
  1847
  1906
Friedman, Samuel
  1868
  1931
Friedman, Isadore
  1885
  1943
Friedman, Leon
  1886
  1948
Friedman, Isaac
  1871
  1949
Friedman, Henrietta
  1872
  1959
Friedman, Mamye
  1880
  1959
Friedman, Harry
  1911
  1965
Friedman, Elizabeth
  1912
  1969
Friedman, Sylvan N.
  1908
  1979


Milton Friedman's Upbringing


The famous economist Milton Friedman described his growing up as follows:

"I was born July 31, 1912, in Brooklyn, N.Y., the fourth and last child and first son of Sarah Ethel (Landau) and Jeno Saul Friedman.  My parents were born in Carpatho-Ruthenia (then a province of Austria-Hungary).  They emigrated to the US in their teens, meeting in New York. 

When I was a year old, my parents moved to Rahway, N.J., a small town about 20 miles from New York City.  There my mother ran a small retail "dry goods" store while my father engaged in a succession of mostly unsuccessful "jobbing" ventures.  The family income was small and highly uncertain.  Financial crisis was a constant companion.  Yet there was always enough to eat and the family atmosphere was warm and supportive.

Along with my sisters, I attended public elementary and secondary schools, graduating from Rahway High School in 1928, just before my 16th birthday.  My father died during my senior year in high school, leaving my mother plus two older sisters to support the family.  Nonetheless, it was taken for granted that I would attend college, though, also, that I would have to finance myself."


It was college which provided him with the way forward.

"I was awarded a competitive scholarship to Rutgers University, then a relatively small university. There I had the good fortune to be exposed to two remarkable men: Arthur F. Burns, then teaching at Rutgers while completing his doctoral dissertation for Columbia; and Homer Jones, teaching between spells of graduate work at the University of Chicago. 

Arthur Burns shaped my understanding of economic research, introduced me to the highest scientific standards, and became a guiding influence on my subsequent career.  Homer Jones introduced me to rigorous economic theory, made economics exciting and relevant, and encouraged me to go on to graduate work."


Lily Friedman's Wedding Gown


Lily Friedman doesn’t remember the last name of the woman who designed and sewed the wedding gown she wore when she walked down the aisle more than 60 years ago.  But the grandmother of seven does recall that when she first told her fiancé Ludwig that she had always dreamed of being married in a white gown.

She had been raised with her siblings in a Torah-observant home in the small town of Zarica, Czechoslovakia where her father was a melamed (teacher), respected and well liked by the young yeshiva students he taught in nearby Irsheva.  He and his two sons were marked for extermination immediately upon arriving at Auschwitz.  For Lily and her sisters it was only their first stop on their long journey of persecution, which included Plashof, Neustadt, Gross-Rosen and finally Bergen-Belsen. 

On January 27, 1946, four hundred people marched 15 miles in the snow to the town of Celle to attend Lily and Ludwig’s wedding.  The town synagogue, damaged and desecrated, had been lovingly renovated by the DPs with the meager materials available to them.  When a sefer Torah arrived from England, they converted an old kitchen cabinet into a makeshift Aron Kodesh.

When President Truman finally permitted the 100,000 Jews who had been languishing in DP camps since the end of the war to emigrate in 1948, the gown accompanied Friedman across the ocean to America.  Unable to part with her dress, it lay at the bottom of her bedroom closet in Brooklyn for the next fifty years: “not even good enough for a garage sale.  I was happy when it found such a good home.”

Friedman’s dress had one more journey to make — the Bergen-Belsen museum which opened on October 28, 2007.  The German government invited Friedman and her sisters to be their guests for the grand opening. Although they initially declined the invitation, the family finally traveled to Hanover the following year with their children, their grandchildren and extended families to view the extraordinary exhibit created for the wedding dress made from a parachute.





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